April 12th 2024

Renewable Energy Sources Act EEG


The Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) is an important legal instrument in Germany for promoting, regulating and integrating renewable energies into the energy supply system. The EEG was first passed in 2000 and has since been amended several times in order to support the expansion of renewable energies and drive forward the energy transition in Germany.

Main features of the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG):

Priority feed-in: the EEG stipulates that electricity from renewable energy sources has priority when being fed into the electricity grid. This means that the electricity generated from renewable sources is fed into the grid as a priority before conventionally generated electricity is fed in.

Fixed feed-in tariff: The EEG obliges energy supply companies to purchase the electricity generated from renewable energy sources at fixed feed-in tariffs. These tariffs are guaranteed over the long term and offer investors planning security.

Grid connection and use: The EEG regulates the conditions for connecting renewable energy systems to the electricity grid and the remuneration for the electricity fed into the grid.

Tendering procedure: In recent years, the EEG has been supplemented by tenders for renewable energies. This enables more competitive pricing and helps to reduce the costs of renewable energies.

Objectives of the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG):

Expansion of renewable energies: The EEG aims to promote the expansion of renewable energies in Germany and increase the share of renewable energies in the energy mix.

Climate protection: By increasing the use of renewable energies, the EEG is intended to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change.

Security of supply: The EEG contributes to the diversification of energy sources and increases independence from fossil fuels, which contributes to the security of energy supply.

Economic development: The promotion of renewable energies creates jobs and supports the development of technologies and industries in the renewable energy sector.

Challenges and developments:

The EEG has proven to be an important instrument for the expansion of renewable energy in Germany, but also faces challenges such as controlling costs and integrating renewable electricity into the grid. Over the years, adjustments and reforms have been made to the EEG in order to meet these challenges and increase efficiency.

The EEG has attracted attention not only in Germany but also internationally and serves as a model for similar laws and regulations in other countries that want to promote the expansion of renewable energies. It is a key element of the energy transition in Germany and helps to drive forward the national and international climate protection agenda.

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