May 08th 2024

SDG Goal: 2 No hunger

The United Nations’ second SDG Goal: 2 No hunger, aims to end hunger worldwide, achieve food security, promote improved nutrition and support sustainable agriculture.

Ending hunger

Ending hunger is a key global goal that aims to ensure sustainable access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food for all. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to increase food production, improve distribution efficiency and ensure access to food, especially in crisis and conflict areas. Strategies for this include expanding the infrastructure for food distribution, promoting sustainable agricultural methods and supporting small farmers in increasing their productivity and market access. In addition, international cooperation is needed to coordinate and strengthen food security globally. This integrated approach is crucial to ending hunger effectively and sustainably.

Improving nutrition

Improving nutrition is essential to promote overall health and combat malnutrition. It aims to increase access to diverse and nutritious foods and raise awareness of healthy diets. Measures include nutrition education programs, fortifying staple foods with essential vitamins and minerals, and supporting local food systems that provide fresh and healthy produce. Such initiatives are particularly important in regions where processed foods dominate and fresh, healthy options are limited. Improved nutrition not only contributes to physical health, but also supports cognitive development and overall well-being.

Promoting sustainable agriculture

Promoting sustainable agriculture is crucial to minimize environmental impacts, protect biodiversity and ensure long-term food security. Sustainable agricultural practices include methods such as organic farming, integrated pest management and water management, which aim to use resources efficiently and reduce environmental impact. By introducing precision farming technologies, growing resilient crop varieties and promoting diversified farming systems, farmers can increase yields while preserving natural livelihoods. Such measures not only support the economic stability of agricultural communities, but also contribute to the achievement of global sustainability goals.

Strengthening agricultural productivity

Strengthening agricultural productivity is crucial to improving food security and increasing farmers’ incomes. Farmers can increase their yields through the use of advanced technologies, improved cultivation methods and access to high-quality seeds. Important measures also include training farmers in efficient techniques, providing microcredit and promoting cooperatives that support small farmers. In addition, it is important that farmers have better access to markets in order to sell their products at fair prices. These efforts help to strengthen the livelihoods of rural communities and promote sustainable agricultural development.

Resilience to climate change

Resilience to climate change is critical to safeguarding agricultural production in the face of changing climatic conditions. Adaptation strategies include the development and use of climate resilient crop varieties, improved irrigation techniques and soil management practices that can maintain productivity even under extreme weather conditions. The implementation of early warning systems for extreme weather events and the training of farmers in sustainable farming practices are also important to mitigate the effects of climate change. These measures increase the ability of agricultural sectors to adapt to changing environmental conditions, thus supporting long-term food security and the livelihoods of rural populations.

What are the current problems in the world that play against achieving the goal of “zero hunger”?

Several global challenges currently threaten the “Zero Hunger” goal. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused economic setbacks, plunging many into poverty and affecting food supplies worldwide. Conflicts such as the war in Ukraine are exacerbating global food shortages and driving up prices. In addition, climate change is exacerbating the situation with extreme weather events such as droughts and floods destroying areas suitable for harvesting. Economic instability and inflation are making it difficult for many people to access affordable food. At the same time, rapid population growth is leading to increased pressure on food resources. Social inequality limits the access of disadvantaged groups to vital resources. Massive food waste and land use conflicts also contribute to the problem. These complex problems urgently require international cooperation and innovative strategies to ensure global food security.

The overview of the 17 goals can be read here

Overview of the 17 goals


You can find information from the United Nations on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) here:

Information from the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development can be found here:

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